From the clang of notification on mobile to the large hadron collider, we have unleashed every minuscule mystery of nature, Indians, in meantime, have lacked somewhere in the middle of a thick blanket of smog across North India in last winters. Smog yonder was not the result of the polluted air extracted out from factories and engines of vehicles but was the aftermath of Stubble Burning in the Northern States.
Straw burning or Stubble burning is the disastrous act of burning the crop residue to remove them from the field to sow the upcoming weather’s crops. Farmers resort to burning the stubble as it is easy and the costs are low. They all are good on their side. But what about the aftermath of this cause dissemination of harmful toxicants leading to cause atrocious lung diseases. The carcinogenic bacterium which comes out of burning is the cause of most cancer patients of Punjab. This heinous act also destroys the nutrients in the soil and its heating effect burns all the microbes and absorbs the moisture of the soil.
In the earlier times, the paddies had been used by farmers as hay to keep their animals warm, to provide extra insulation to their homes, and for cooking also. But as the advancement of technology, the houses have been constructing with concrete which does not need any insulation. LPG cylinders have taken place of the traditional cooking stoves. Animals may have been using it as warmth but not more than required. Hence farmers, due to fewer funds, have been insisted to set on fire that straw and it results in the blurred future of our lungs. The government stated that it had received reports of 20 729 cases till 1 Nov 2019.
Being a technocrat I will present some concrete solutions for this straw burning:
- Making Turbo Happy seeders machines that cut and lift the crop stubble, sow the wheat and deposit the straw over the sown area.
- The government should establish Farm Machinery banks for Turbo Happy Seeders and other straw managing equipment.
- Farmers can shift their cropping pattern away from paddy to millet, maize, fruits etc. in northern states
At last, This should be stated that Winter is coming soon and it’s still at stake that the government will curb this virtual catastrophe or not.