In the fiscal year 2019 the per capita income in India stood to rupees 10,533 which is 10% rise in income from the fiscal year 2018 at a current price level for those who do not know what per capita income is, Per Capita income could be understood as Income earned by employed individuals in a specified year which Is actually very low because world average per capita income is $9733 (international US dollar) and the median average of the world is $2920 whereas in dollars India has $2199 and with it, India is one of the Asian Countries with the highest economic disparities between rich and the poor.
An international website called antislavery.org estimated that India has almost 4 million domestic workers in India and even domestic workers act was passed in 2008 in India giving guidelines for domestic wages, rights, freedom including males and females applicable to the whole of India after the revocation of Article 370 and this law 0f 2008 recommended 22 days of paid leaves so that that to get rest and according to wall street journal annually average maid in Kolkata earned rupees 5000 and in western Gujarat rupees 6500 that is less than $150 to sustain their family. Middle classes to not earn much in India still depends on domestic workers for help, I too belong to a middle-class family and from my experience this year I learned we cannot survive efficiently without domestic labours.
My mother felt sick and made my mother scolded the maid for so long holidays when my mother was sick after her open heart surgery, I felt bad for my maid but I understood how difficult was it from our sides this our fault or the maid’s fault; they work hard to sustain the life we pay them so we can sustain ourselves and no use of their human resource for us is a wastage.
India is booming developing country, but this deeply embedded problems in our economy are stopping us from growing us fast when India and world are making labour laws aren’t they recognising the fact there needs to be a balance between the professionalism of labours and healthcare laws. 4 million domestic force is there in India more than the total population of one of the nordic country “Iceland” and almost equal to the population of “Norway” and still if we don’t uplift them India will always remain a poor country.
To uplift these people government intervention is needed if I was in power I would have initiated a policy for rural and urban labourers these policies would have focused on-
*research and development in labour work-this would have been a boast for scientific and domestic labour sector both and in the upliftment of life
*paid leaves extended-there are 22 days of leaves which should have been extended to 38 to 45 paid leaves but this would have been a problem for the owner so for them, the creation of Govt labour organisation which provided labours to owners at free of cost and they should be paid by Govt. Although this is a burden on Govt about the reduction in unemployment and feasibility in the economic system.
*institutions created- institution which provides skill development in every domestic domain and providing with degrees will raise the level of income for the workers and institutions will require teachers increasing employment and development in education would to take place.
*language efficiency-worker if migrated finds the problem to communicate hence may not be employed providing courses to learn the language will make it affordable for the poor to uplift social status.
*creation of private sector-with creation of Govt sector and enterprise labour wage rate would increase which in turn would appeal to private enterprises to open institution which will make labour more expensive hence from just help to the domestic unit in the country it would become more of important economic activity carried out in the country.
Those domestic labourers when skilled might not only remain domestic labour but will also become industrial labour which will bring foreign investments in the country due to the lack of resources and will allow India to compete with China. Indian Govt has to focus on their labours growth as even after being 5th largest economy still suffers a lot due to income disparity although measures suggested could also be used by powerful capitalist makers to earn revenue Govt regulation would bring a great change in the economy and in the life of people.this aspect is with socialist and capitalist as it focuses on the development of human resources and protection of labours but with it also included monetary aspect throwing light on capitalism hence a centralist view for India and other developing countries.