Today’s events are, in view of some, pressing the world towards resistance against uninterrupted globalisation while attracting to protective nationalism.
First of all, impact on globalisation itself is two-fold. On one hand, it may pose restriction in globalisation, while on other, world can see regional globalisation. Not only the fear due to pandemic but also US-China rifts adds to it.
Second possible dimension could be rise in nationalism & protective nationalist policies of states because of the extensive role played by nations in fighting this pandemic as well as trust deficit & lack of cooperation among international states.
Thirdly, weakening global governance is one of the inevitable consequence. Whether it be WHO (alleged of favoring China & late response), or United nations (veto by China on taking COVID-19 issue in UNSC), or WTO (dys-functional & disputed), all major organisations are suffering from criticism.
Fourthly, it would not be a matter of surprise that we can also experience Cold era 2.0 led by US & China. US-China trade war & stance in South China Sea could experience new minimum.
Despite of several uncertainty & challenges, the silver lining is that post-COVID era will pose several opportunities too for India to take over the leadership seat, & even India have started moving in this direction. How, let us see.
- Lock down stance : One of the earliest nations to dare of such decision
- SAARC revival : $ 10 million pledge in COVID fund
- Neighbourhood help : Operation Sanjeevani, India’s help to Myanmar
- Global help : ‘Hydroxychloroquine’ supply to US, Brazil, Israel
- NAM 2.0 : To check on the alignment of global order
- Yoga & Ayurveda : Aim of ‘Vishwa Vaidya’
Now, limiting our talk to India’s outlook of this scenario, we can say that India need to follow 3 ‘R’s (Represent, Reform, Revive) policy in International platform to get the upper hand in the changing world order.
- Represent : India must represent its active participation in important forums like G20, WTO, UN, etc
- Reform : India must led the reform movement in every possible multilateral organisation, starting with WHO.
- Revive : India need to continue pushing transforming & leading with regional groupings by connecting the poles apart member nations in them. Eg, US & Iran in Afghan talk group.
Inspite of all uncertainity, the only thing which is sure is that now onwards the timeline will change from ‘BC & AD’ era to ‘Pre & Post COVID’ era.